Assisted reproductive technology which is used to achieve pregnancy artificially. Assisted reproductive technology includes procedures namely fertility medication, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy. ART is primarily used in treating infertility among couples. It belongs mainly to the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. It includes techniques which are Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), cryopreservation, embryo transfer, assisted zona hatching, autologous endometrial co-culture, zygote intra-fallopian transfer, cytoplasmic transfer, egg donors, sperm donors, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, embryo splitting, GIFT, ZIFT, sex selection and surgical sperm retrieval.